The speech he gave that day is one of the best known in American history. But perhaps the reason it is so memorable is because King was a master of literary and rhetorical devices.
His word choice matched the strength of his message. Then you can have students discuss or write about the speech using the literary terminology.
This lesson can be modified to work well for everyone from students just learning about metaphor for the first time to AP students reviewing for their upcoming exams.
Review the following literary terms. Learn more about Martin Luther King, Jr. Show the video of the speechand while students are watching, ask them to underline and label examples of literary terms that they find. You could even just focus on metaphors. Give students time in small groups to review the examples that they found and search for more.
You could also make this a competition to see which group can find the most examples of literary terms. Review the findings as a class. Alliteration The repetition of sounds makes the speech more catchy and memorable. We ca nn ot be satisfied as long as a N egro in Mississippi ca nn ot vote and a N egro i n N ew York believes he has n othing for which to vote.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the c olor of their skin but by the c ontent of their ch aracter.
Thank God Almighty, we are free at last! Anaphora This term describes the most famous part of the speech: I have a dream that one Alliteration in i have a dream speech this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity.
Authoritative alliteration in i have a dream speech nude photo galleries
One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. Assonance Like alliteration, assonance adds an element of Alliteration in i have a dream speech poetry to the speech. We m u st forever cond u ct our str u ggle on the high plane of d i gn i ty and d i scipl i ne.
Extended Metaphor King equates light with freedom through the speech. Here are two examples: This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice.
It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice.
In the 3rd and 4th paragraph, King plays with the extended metaphor of extending a check. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood.
Metonymy These places are not chosen at random. They represent locations that were filled with racism at the time. But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia! Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee! Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi.
But this hyperbole belies a seriousness; he believes that true justice will only come when every person believes in freedom for all. Parallelism If you ever want to jazz up a crowd, use some parallelism in your sentences.
It will make people ready to fight…peacefully, of course.
It also makes the lines memorable, and perhaps represents the equality of the people fighting together. Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.
Personification King is casting American society as a person who has done African-Americans wrong.
It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Simile This simile demonstrates the power of justice and righteousness, as well as the belief that equality is a natural thing.
No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.
We can never be satisfied, as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities.
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together. Like this song and lesson plan?
Thank you for sharing this solid, practical, and flexible English language arts lesson that can be used from 6th grade to community college! Thank you so much for this excellent lesson plan! I am using this for my 9th grade English class.
For a 50 yr old teacher to quote rap…WOW! I LOVE doing this speech each year to teach or revisit this important time and memory in our history!
Thank you sooo much for providing this easy to use and follow lesson!! Your email address will not be published. Martin Luther King Jr. You Might Also Like This help me woth my home work.