The following are lists of countries by suicide rate according to data from the World Health Organization WHO and other sources.
A country's rank is determined by its age-adjusted total rate perpopulation of deaths officially recorded as suicides in the most recent available year. The WHO statistics are based on the official reports from each respective country, therefore no more accurate than the record-keeping in the specific country, and revisions updates are usually performed as well. About one person in 5,—15, dies by suicide every year 1.
In Western countries male and female rates of suicidal behaviors differ at Highest sex rate in the world greater degree compared to those in the rest of the world. Europe is the most suicidal region in the entire world, while the Eastern Mediterranean the least.
A overview pointed at the economic crisis ' years as a period from which suicide rates surged globally. The study was about China's suicide rates which have been declining instead: Per recent WHO releases, social stigmathe taboo to openly discuss suicide, and low availability of data lead to poor data quality for both suicide and suicide attempts: In much of the world, suicide is stigmatized and condemned for religious or cultural reasons.
In some countries, suicidal behaviour is a criminal offence punishable by law. Suicide is therefore often a secretive act surrounded by taboo, and may be unrecognized, misclassified or deliberately hidden in official records of death. World Health Organization [note 1] [note 2].
Incidence of suicide tends to be under-reported and misclassified due to both cultural and social pressures, and possibly completely unreported in some areas. Since data might be skewed, comparing suicide rates between countries can result in statistically unsound conclusions about suicidal behavior in different countries. Nevertheless the statistics are commonly used to directly influence decisions about public policy and public health strategies.
Male and female suicide rates are out of total male population and total female population, respectively i. Age-standardized rates account for the influence that different population age distributions might have on the analysis of crude death rates, statistically addressing the prevailing trends by age-groups and populations' structures, to enhance cross-national comparability: If rounded down means the median age and life expectancy is higher than average for that region or countryand viceversa when rounded up.